*The same meaning obtains for a sentence in the active and the passive but the question lies in the FOCUS the speaker has between the subject or the object. He may desire to highlight the SUBJECT or the OBJECT in his/her utterance.
* *The voice rendition only obtains with sentences containing the transitive verbs- verbs that take an object.
*** In the Active sentence, the subject determines the concord of conjugation. Mary scores the point =Subject+Verb+Complement.
****In the passive sentence, the object becomes the subject and the subject becomes the agent introduced by the preposition ‘BY’. The point is scored by Mary. NB: The agent is optional in a sentence. The point is scored.
***** The passive verb is BE+PAST PARTICIPLE. ‘BE‘ takes the tense of the main verb in the active sentence, followed by the past participle of the main verb.
Let’s discover the passive rendition according to tenses with the TRANSITIVE verb – EAT
present tense                       Active>  I eat/you eat/he eats                                passive rendition>  I am/you are/he is/+ eaten

present continuous             Active>I am /your are/he is +eating                        passive rendition> I am/you are/he is/+being + eaten

present perfect              Active>I have/you have/he has+ eaten                passive rendition> I have/you have/he has/+been+eaten

past simple                      Active> I ate/you ate/he ate                                passive rendition> I was/you were/he was+eaten

past continuous  Active> I was/you were/he was/ eating         passive rendition>I was being/you were being/he was being eaten

past perfect                    Active>   I /you/ he had+eaten               passive rendition> I /you/he had+been+eaten

past perfect continuous     Active> I/you/he had been eating         passive rendition> I/you/he had been being eaten(rare)

future simple                      Active> I /you/he will eat                  passive rendition>I/you/he will be eaten

future continuous                Active> I/you/he will be eating        passive rendition>I/you/he will be being eaten

future perfect         Active> I/you/he will have eaten                passive rendition>   I/you/he will have been eaten

future perfect continuous         Active>  I/you/he  will have been eating     passive rendition> I/you/he will have been being eaten(rare)

infinitive                                    Active> To eat                                         passive rendition>to be eaten.

Also note that ‘need’ and ‘get’can be used to express the passive as in  MODAL+HAVE+OBJECT+PAST PARTICIPLE, MODAL+GET+OBJECT+PAST PARTICIPLE: /I must have my lesson drawn/They must have their house cleaned, I should get this work done./I will get the task accomplished/I must have the field tilled today/  

SEE LESSON PLAN ON

 THE VERB AS A WORD CLASS

SEE

 CORPUS/CONVERSATION ON

 THE VERB  AS A WORD CLASS

Close Menu